Social Emergent Dynamics Modelling
- Pr Bernard Ancori, Professeur d'épistémologie et histoire des sciences, IRIST, Université de Strasbourg
- Yann Poeta, chargé d'étude programme REPERE, INRA / Université de Strasbourg
Knowledge theorie, epistemology, co-construction of expertise, archeometry, action-research, small / big worlds
In a complex actor network, the modeling of translation process, as proposed by Callon (1976), could bring some innovative ways in the action-research applications in environment sustainability problematics. The translation, as a theoretical subject of matter, is a pragmatic subject of concern in action-research. The specificity of a socially distributed expertise in wine and grape production is a long time process, with social emergent phenomenons (Moneyron & alii., 2012). In this case, the translation of knowledges in the co-construction (or co-evolutionary) model results on robust socio-technical expertise, based on partial consensus (Ancori, 2009).
How to be able to record the visible part of knowledges (linguistic and phenomenon part of them typically) in heterogeneous groups of discussion (with several grains levels), either in process of culture and other historical recollection in socio-agronomics systems ?
- New socio-agronomic spaces of expertise
- Socio-cognitive transformations
- Heterogeneous and big data recollection
Co-constructed agreement on truth, or truth-feasible, is an essential part of risk reduction in management of socio-technical expertise. It makes the resulting expertise more robust and avoid legal affairs. Long time analysis could reduce the time of decision making in multi-scale and heterogeneous groups or population or any cognitive directory. The extension of knowledge into the archeometry sciences could be a very interesting methodological way of thinking to do so. Path-depending process that could be modeled et performed are supposed to underlie action-research emerging forms, in their interaction between sciences and society. The challenge is now to refine existing models toward and between several part of human knowledge (in particular toward politic as the essential part of human action in society), or identify innovation in course of action.
Some links should be done with co-construction models in epistemology and sciences of archeometry. Especially, complex actor network and big data interpretation in chemistry share problematic of big to small worlds transfers and conversely. Their association in the framework of CNSC could be a source of logics and methods.
Ancori B. (2009), « Expertise et citoyenneté : les Grecs anciens et nous. De l'Agora antique aux forums hybrides modernes », Revue d'Anthropologie des Connaissances, vol. 3, n° 3, p.485-529.
Callon M. (1976), « L’opération de traduction comme relation symbolique. » in Roqueplo P. (dir.), Incidence des rapports sociaux sur le développement scientifique et technique, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme.
Callon M., Lascoumes P., Barthe Y. (2001), Agir dans un monde incertain. Essai sur la démocratie technique, Seuil.
Moneyron A., Lemaire O., Masson J. (2012), « Une expérience d’interaction science-société. Consolider la recherche en s’appuyant sur les savoirs profanes, la complexité et l’engagement sur le temps long ». Futuribles, 383, mars, p.111-118.